Establishing Business in India – What Foreign Companies Must Know

Foreign companies may set up business in India any kind of one of the following manners while retaining its status like a foreign company:

Liaison Offices – A foreign company can open a liaison office in India to pay attention to its Indian operations, to promote its business interests, to spread awareness of the company’s products so you can explore further avenues. Liaison offices are not allowed to carry on any business or earn any income in India and all expenses are in order to become borne by remittances from abroad.

Project Offices – The project office is the ideal method for companies to establish a business presence in India, if the object is to have a presence for a limited period of schedule. It is essentially a branch office launched with the limited purpose for executing a specific projects. Foreign companies engaged in turnkey construction or installation normally install a project office for their operations in India.

Branch Offices – Foreign companies engaged in manufacturing and trading activities outside India may open branch offices for extra of:

oRepresenting the parent company or other foreign companies in various matters in India, like acting as buying and selling agents.

oConducting research, the spot that the parent company is engaged, provided the final results of this research are made to be able to Indian companies

oUndertaking export and import trading activities.

oPromoting technical and financial collaborations between Indian and foreign companies.

Trading companies – Foreign companies may invest in trading companies engaged primarily in exports. Such trading companies are treated at par with domestic trading companies in accordance with the trade policy.

The RBI accords automatic approval for foreign equity around 51 per cent for setting up trading companies engaged primarily in exports. All other proposals, which do not meet the criteria for automatic approval, can be addressed to the Foreign Investment Promotion Board, i.e. “FIPB”.

Wholly owned subsidiaries – Foreign companies may set up a wholly owned subsidiary, which is definitely an Indian Company with an independent legal status, distinct from parents foreign company.

Under the current foreign investment policy, a wholly owned subsidiary can be established either the particular automatic route, generally if the conditions specified therein are complied with (specific high priority industries) or ask for approval from the FIPB.

Joint venture companies – Foreign companies may set up a joint venture company i.e. in financial collaboration with an Indian business house/company Online LLP Registration Process in India India, which can an Indian Company with an independent legal status, distinct from the parent foreign company.

Under the current foreign investment policy, a joint venture can be established either under the automated route, if the circumstances specified therein are complied with or obtain an approval from the FIPB.

Foreign companies intending to make any involving office stated previously activities component the parent company or foreign trading companies in India for promotion of exports from India in order to be obtain a previous approval for the Reserve Bank by submitting an application in the prescribed form to the Central Office of Reserve Bank. On approval of the cases, permission is granted initially for a period of 3 years, cause to undergo the condition that expenses of such office will be met exclusively out of inward remittances; such offices are not permitted to generate any income in Japan.